Yemi Adesokan, 35- year based Nigerian born researcher, has put his country’s name on the map of nations of innovation.
Adesokan’s discovery which has potential to change the way mankind responds to disease pathogens, according to experts, may bring an end the era of increased burden of drug resistance in the world particularly, in sub Saharan Africa.
When he moved to United States in 1996, little did the young innovator have realise that he was going to rub shoulders with some of the greatest names in scientific technology.
But today, Adesokan who has been listed by Technology Review, an independent media company owned by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, (MIT) USA. as one of the TR35 Award of the 2011 World top innovators. Past recipients have included Sergey Brin (Google), Mark Zuckerberg (Facebook), and Konstantin Novoselev (later a Nobel Laureate in Physics).
Adesokan is being so specially honoured for his work in the application of next generation sequencing to clinical diagnostics. Adesokan, who is also the founder of Pathogenica Inc., was selected as a member of the TR35 class of 2011 by a panel of expert judges and the editorial staff of Technology Review, who evaluated more than 300 nominations.
This work is being carried out by a biotechnology startup that I founded with Prof George Church of Harvard Medical School DNA technology. The Pathogenica’s test kits are able to identify the presence, allowing for physicians to screen for multiple diseases with accurate results and a rapid turnaround.
Sequencing technologies have improved a million – fold in the past seven years, bringing scientists a wealth of individual genomics and the key now is to employ the data to improve clinical practice. The DNA sequence of each individual or organism is unique, and is the most detailed signature for identification.
This year marks one decade since the completion of the Human Genome Project, a three billion-dollar effort to sequence a human genome.
A major issue in Nigeria today, is that some sterilised water may contain harmful pathogens. The technology is useful in screening a range of pathogens in water, livestock (poultry, etc.), and in food manufacturing. The key point for this technology is its high multiple. As it scales up, we actually see a reduction in price.
With the innovation, the cost of DNA sequencing has dropped more than 40,000_fold since that time to just $5,000 today. The price continues to drop. We are applying this fast, inexpensive technology in a unique way to improve routine clinical diagnostics.
Ryan Raffaelli, of Harvard Business School, has examined examples of “re-emergent technologies” in detail. The most striking example is the Swiss mechanical-watch industry. In the 1970s it was almost washed away by a tide of cheaper and more accurate digital watches. Today the industry is more successful than ever, providing the country’s largest source of exports after pharmaceuticals and machinery, and the engine of its revival is the old-fashioned wind-up watch.
There are plenty of other examples of re-emergent technologies. Sales of fountain pens collapsed in the 1950s with the arrival of cheap ballpoints; since the mid-1970s they have enjoyed a steady revival. Trams looked destined to become nothing more than tourist attractions in proudly quaint cities such as San Francisco and Paris. But hundreds of cities in the world have either installed new tram systems or have plans to do so. Sales of vinyl LPs in the world have increased from almost nothing in 1993 to more than some millions in 2013. The number of independent bookshops is rising for the first time in decades.
How do businesses go about reviving old technologies in the face of so much innovation? Mr Raffaelli argues that the key to success lies in redefining the product’s value and meaning. Swiss watchmakers redefined their products as status goods rather than a means of telling the time. That they are so much harder to make than digital watches added immeasurably to their desirability. Independent booksellers are redefining themselves as communities where people who care about books meet and socialise. Trams are re-emerging as a green solution to both pollution and urban sprawl: a striking number of the cities that are adopting them are formless sunbelt cities.
This redefinition demands a careful balance between tradition and change. Revival businesses often need to cultivate a close relationship with their craftsmen and customers, who may see themselves as guardians of a great tradition rather than mere employees or consumers. The Swiss watch industry arguably survived only because collectors kept paying record prices for watches at auctions and skilled craftsmen refused to abandon the old ways: when Zenith decided to throw away its mechanical watchmaking moulds at the height of what Swiss refer to as “the quartz crisis”, one old-timer decided to store them in a shed instead, wheeling them out once again when the luxury market took off. Revival businesses need to peddle their back-story remorselessly.
However, while peddling their traditions and reassuring customers and craftsmen that they are holding true to them, revival businesses also need to be willing to change. Nicolas Hayek and Ernst Thomke saved the Swiss watch industry from impending death by applying a succession of electric shocks. In a series of deals they brought together a bunch of ailing businesses into the mighty Swatch Group, whose sales last year reached SFr8.8 billion ($9.5 billion). They fought back against cheap digital watches by first redefining Swiss watches as fashion items, with Swatches, and then redefining them as luxury items, with brands such as Breguet, Blancpain and Omega which sell watches for six-figure sums.
Revival industries need to be willing to take tough decisions: for example, sacrificing market share to new entrants while holding firm on price. They also have to be ready to reorientate themselves to new markets: the Chinese have proved enthusiastic buyers of Western heritage goods.
FloorInMotion coating is connected to detect falls in the elderly in order to assist them in the shortest possible time while promoting their independence and remain at home.
The “Silver Economy” becomes a major issue in society. And growth stimulates innovation into objects connected to the elderly, to assist them in daily life and reduce their loss of independence.
Faced with an aging population, the market for the elderly is growing. In fact, 22% of world population will be over 60 years old in 2050 (see http://foweb.unfpa.org/SWP2011/reports/FR-SWOP2011.pdf).
The world population aging has become in recent years a social issue and public health for the entire country. And most causes of loss of autonomy of the elderly is often domestic fall.
More people age progresses, the risk of falling is important , especially during the night or in the ponds. After a fall, waiting until the arrival of assistance can lead to medical complications. Unfortunately, falls are the leading cause of death in people over 65 in France for instance each year, 400,000 elderly fall accidentally and 12,000 people die from such a fall .
With his knowledge of the healthcare market , Tarkett has developed an innovative solution that detects abnormal situations. Patient side , the benefit to patients and their families is important because this system is discreet and not visible. That is why it is very popular with residents because it respects the dignity and privacy , unlike video surveillance or electronic bracelet.
Connected to equipment automation, the system also provides FloorInMotion comfort of daily life : the rising of the patient or during the night, the floor detects movement, which makes it possible to activate lights or open the shutters automatically .
Tarket FloorInMotion designed as a simple and complete solution of an installed under the floor sensor that detects abnormal movements or fall of an individual. This sensor is connected to an electronic card that processes the signal from patient movement .
The FloorInMotion system Tarkett has a direct connection with the alert system, which helps prevent backup in case of fall and intervene promptly in case of problems . Tarkett also thought to provide a discrete monitoring service for caregivers , accessible computer ( tablet or smartphone ) that keeps track of patient activities without infringing on the privacy of residents.
For health care teams , it is a relief to know that incidents will be quickly identified. In case of a fall , medical teams can intervene immediately and bring relief faster , reducing the effects on the health of residents .
Floor In Motion is the result of an ambitious program of the Department of Research & Innovation Tarkett , expertise in health and conducted numerous partnerships with hospitals, nursing homes and universities. The Tarkett Group has expanded its area of expertise in developing in-house expertise in specific electronic and connected objects .
Floor in motion is primarily marketed to health institutions at the end of 2014 in Europe and North America.
Made in USA, Shodan is a search engine that can identify all connected objects (webcams, automation tools, robots, hydro, IT companies …), but also to take control. An application that allows you to become aware of the risks of piracy, some will say. Which encourages hackers, say others.
The year-old site known as Shodan makes it easy to locate internet-facing SCADA, or supervisory control and data acquisition, systems used to control equipment at gasoline refineries, power plants and other industrial facilities. As white-hat hacker and Errata Security CEO Robert Graham explains, the search engine can also be used to identify systems with known vulnerabilities.
Besides opening up industrial systems to attacks that target unpatched vulnerabilities, the information provided by Shodan makes networks more vulnerable to brute-force attacks on passwords, many of which may still use factory defaults, CERT warned. The organization advised admins to tighten security by:
- Placing all control systems assets behind firewalls, separated from the business network
- Deploying secure remote access methods such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs) for remote access
- Removing, disabling, or renaming any default system accounts (where possible)
- Implementing account lockout policies to reduce the risk from brute forcing attempts
- Implementing policies requiring the use of strong passwords
- Monitoring the creation of administrator level accounts by third-party vendors
Short for Sentient Hyper-Optimized Data Access Network, Shodan contains a wealth of information about routers, servers, load balancers and other hardware attached to the internet. Its database was built by indexing metadata contained in the headers the hardware broadcasts to other devices. Searches can be filtered by port, hostname and country.
Innovation about security will become more and more important, more costly, to take in account in the management of all the companies SI.
Is there really a discrimination again women?
The film shows what kind of images are showed by some commercial medias. The film showed American medias but in all industrialize countries, we can found these movies that gives this women’s vision.
Beyond medias, is there really some discriminations against women, and especially in industrialised countries ? Simple fact allows us to see the evidence; in Europe, in Russia and Australia, Women are less paid from 17% in comparison with Men, in United States 19%, in UK 21%, in Japan 33% and in Korea 38%. There is no country without any discrimination against women but Scandinavian and New Zealand countries have low discriminations.
But there are other discriminations that have higher consequence.
What are the ratio of Women who have Top Board responsibility?
The best, in Norway, 39% of Board seats are attributed to Women. In USA, 15,7%, in France, 12,7%, in UK, 12,5% and in Germany 11,2%. In the BRICST countries, Brazil, 5,1%, Russia 5,9%, India 5,3%, China 8,5%, South Africa 15,8% and Turkey 10,8%.
Women managers are 20% less paid that men in France; average salary discrimination is around 17% for all categories of Women jobs. Higher the level in the hierarchy is, higher the inequality is.
Anyway, progress is there but the equality will be long to obtain in the current trend…
In 1980, 25% of managers were female; in 2010, 38%.
25% of worldwide countries have legal restrictions on women’s right to work. There is some reductions of restrictions, decade after decade.
Around the world, almost 20% of national parliamentary seats are now occupied by women, up from 17.2% five years ago.
It will take more than 50 years in the current trend to reduce completely the discrimination against women. Can we accelerate the trend? It is up to all of us, women and men to be informed and to make some concrete actions to reduce them.
Check this very interesting blog with a lot of statistics about women’s discrimination
Launching a sustainable business goes well beyond learning how to draft a business plan or fill out a financing application.
It involves a range of skills, both “hard” and “soft”, such as managing a start-up enterprise, motivating employees, assembling a cohesive team, tailoring a product to a well-defined market, adapting rapidly to fast-changing circumstances and consumer sentiment, and understanding how to convert an interesting technology into a viable business. These skills are not acquired, and nor can businesses succeed, in a vacuum. They need a business “ecosystem”, where potential entrepreneurs can learn the right skills and innovation is both encouraged and nurtured. For the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), this will require a change in the cultural attitude toward entrepreneurship.
Nascent ecosystem emerging in MENA
A nascent ecosystem has been emerging in MENA over the past five years. The few businesses that have achieved success in this evolving environment were private sector led, usually by members of the diaspora or those who had either studied or started a business abroad. These individuals come equipped with access to international networks and markets and they have clear incentives to see their ventures succeed. They invest their time as well as their money; key ingredients for a successful business ecosystem that need to be further encouraged. Governments need to know that strengthening innovation-led growth entails understanding and promoting investments in research and development (R&D), cultivating the necessary skills, putting in place a functional and effective business environment and the mechanisms to foster private and public collaboration.
Two initiatives from World Bank
The World Bank has launched two initiatives to support the fledgling ecosystem and help foster innovation and entrepreneurship in MENA. “Supporting the Ecosystem for Fostering a Dynamic Entrepreneurship” is funded by a Bank Development Grant Facility that supports regional partnerships for development. The program leverages a partnership between two leading regional incubators Oasis500 and Wamda to boost the support they already provide to pre and early start-ups across the region. In addition to expanding mentorship, skills development and access to investors, the incubators will also engage stakeholders (governments, universities, investors, other incubators) in each country as a means of expanding the partnership and broadening the transfer and exchange of critical knowledge and skills. Outreach is an important component and will include dissemination of success stories and “lessons learned.” To ensure they reach a diverse audience, a variety of media and platforms will be used, such as popular web sites, an Arabic Entrepreneurship Newsletter, comics, info graphics, cartoons and videos. Particular attention will be paid to rural areas and to groups who tend not to see themselves as entrepreneurs, such as women and youth. The Bank continues to seek funding and partnerships with other entities that have a track record of supporting entrepreneurship and building this capacity in the region.
The second initiative works at the policy level. The World Bank, the private sector, academia, think tanks, civil society experts and governments formed a community of practitioners to cultivate change through innovation and technology. “The How-to of Innovation, Technology and Entrepreneurship” (ITE) was launched last year in Prague. It is a practitioners’ exchange, networking and learning activity. Its goal is to help countries in the region advance policies that promote the various elements required for a thriving, innovative economy. It provides an opportunity for the exchange of operational lessons from other countries on the “how” of public support in this area.
- Jamaica: hub of innovation in Caribbean? (worldofinnovations.net)
- Hello High Potential Global Women Entrepreneurs! (womenentrepreneursgrowglobal.org)
- Whodini Expands Offerings With Grappple Acquisition (prweb.com)
- Cultivating an Entrepreneurial Community as a Student Leader (studentambassadorsusa.com)
- Govt’s role sought in promoting women entrepreneurship (dawn.com)
- “Pi Slice and the Heavy Weights” Our First Visit at the WEF (pi-slice.com)